Wednesday, 29 June 2011

UN declares deadly cattle plague eradicated after global campaign

UN declares deadly cattle plague eradicated after global campaign

A farmer tends to his herd. Rinderpest eradication means a brighter future for farmers and pastoralists.
28 June 2011 – 
The United Nations todaydeclared that the world has completely eradicated a cattle disease that has killed millions of bovines for millennia. It is the first animal disease to be officially declared eradicated – and only the second disease ever, after smallpox.A resolution approved by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) at its meeting in Rome today stated that the world was free of rinderpest, or cattle plague, but also “called on the world community to follow up by ensuring that samples of rinderpest viruses and vaccines be kept under safe laboratory conditions and that rigorous standards for disease surveillance and reporting be applied.”
The announcement followed verification last month by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) that the disease was no longer circulating in its natural habitat. The last outbreak of rinderpest was registered in wild buffalo in Kenya in 2001, and the last vaccination took place in 2006.
“The declaration is the final step in a decades-long global campaign implemented by FAO, in close coordination with the OIE, and other partners to eradicate rinderpest,” the agency said.
The highly infectious disease has killed many millions of cattle, buffalo and other animals, and caused hunger and economic hardship, primarily in Africa, Asia and Europe.
Since 1994, FAO has spearheaded the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme (GREP) with the OIE, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other institutional partners, governments, regional organizations such as the Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources, and communities worldwide.
The agency said the international cooperation was funded by the European Union, Japan, Ireland, Italy, France, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) among others.
The programme’s success had “demonstrated the importance of political and financial support for veterinary services, community outreach, regional cooperation, and research,” FAO said.
FAO Director-General Jacques Diouf said: “We must also focus our attention on measures to be taken to ensure that this result is sustainable and benefits future generations. To do this, a post-eradication strategy should be put in place to prevent any recurrence of the disease.”
Rinderpest is a highly contagious viral disease affecting several species of wild and domestic split-hoofed animals, notably cattle and buffalo. Many species, including sheep and goats, can show milder clinical signs of the disease when infected, but the mortality rate can reach up to 100 per cent in highly susceptible cattle or buffalo herds.
An outbreak of rinderpest in imported animals in Belgium in 1920 was the impetus for international cooperation in controlling animal diseases, and a key factor leading to the establishment of the OIE in 1924.
The global eradication of smallpox was certified by a commission of eminent scientists in December 1979 and subsequently endorsed by the World Health Organization in 1980.

Saturday, 25 June 2011

Bangladesh finally on the way to secularism.

Bangladesh finally on the way to secularism. Two recent landmark verdict delivered by the supreme court declaring the controversial fifth and eighth amendement brought in by military ruler general ziaur rahman and general hussain muhammad ershad ,unconstitutional and void have brightened the scope for a meaningful change .Decalaring military rule unconstitutional ,the court restored the four basic principle -democracy ,nationalism ,socialism and secularism
amendment made by the first military regime led by gen ziaur rahman destroyed its secular character and allowed political based on religion ,and provide political rights to anti libration war
forces ,even the war criminal. In 1982 gen. Ershad made islam the state religion .this gross deviation from the original constitution radically altered the political landscape,help in the rise of religion based politics.

In the recent supreme court judement, has paved the way for preventing a military takeover in future and restored the secular spirit of the orginal constitution ,islam however shall remain state religion as it was not covered by the judgment .
The orginal constitution adopted on december ,16 1972 endorsed nationalism ,socialsim ,democarcy and secularism as basic state principles.

UN agency welcomes G20 decisions aimed at boosting food security

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UN agency welcomes G20 decisions aimed at boosting food security

23 June 2011 – 
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed today’s declaration adopted by the Group of 20 (G20) as a message that the world’s largest economies are serious about helping the poor and strengthening food security.G20 agriculture ministers meeting in Paris, plus international specialists, announced a series of measures they said are aimed at stabilizing world food prices.
“Today’s agreement sends a clear message that the world’s largest economies are serious about protecting the poorest and most vulnerable from the crushing impact of high and volatile food prices,” WFP Executive Director Josette Sheeransaid, commenting on the agreement. “It offers hope for the nearly one billion people on the frontlines of hunger.”

    Ms. Sheeran, who was at the negotiations in Paris, said the agreement would
  • ensure the hungry have access to food through WFP in emergencies by removing export barriers for humanitarian food;
  • give vulnerable nations predictable access to sufficient food in times of need;
  • protect humanitarian food supply chains against price and supply shocks;
  • and strengthen assessments of food needs by launching a new global Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) and a Rapid Response Forum.
The declaration, “which comes at a critical moment for the world’s hungry,” would reaffirm “the right of all people to safe, sufficient, nutritious food and the critical importance of rapid action to meet urgent food requirements,” she added.

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Thursday, 23 June 2011

" One dish law to all over the world ."

Muddle over the huge wastage of food during social events in the country, the government today said it will study the “one-dish” law of Pakistan .

To control food wastage at social functions. One dish law is a good step in making hunger free world and give the food security to the needed one .who are unable to get one meal a day.

Imposition of pakistan's one dish law in india can feed millions of hungry people.
Why do not we apply this law to all over the world. One dish law to all over the world and for all developed countries .
In many ,high profile social gathering ,of developed countries we can see lot of food wastages .one dish law for all over the world. This would help in food security and remove hunger from all over the world.

Tourism ,Major threat to Jarawas. Protect there Rights.

Jarawas are adversely affected by the tourist , who arrive here for the sexual exploitation .jarawas are not ready for mingle with local population or outside world. Leave them ,where they are.
We see they are infected with those disease which are unknown to them ,they get after close encounter with the modern man. They know how to cure them , they are exploiated in every sense , jarawas are traded for slaves ,,jarawa women are traded for sex.we have to protect there right ,,there fundamental right ,, after all they are like us..they are hidden treasure of our culture. We must protect them.
Along with other indigenousAndamanese peoples, they have inhabited the islands for at least several thousand years, and most likely a great deal longer. The Andaman Islands have been known to outsiders since anitquity

Before the 19th century, the Jarawa homelands were located in the southeast part of SOUTH ANDAMAN ISLAND and nearby islets. With the establishment of the initial British settlement, these are suspected to have been largely depopulated by disease shortly after 1789 ThegREAT ANDAMANESE tribes were similarly decimated by disease, alcoholism and alleged British government-sponsored destruction,

IF you drive along the road leading to Mayabandar from Port Blair in the Andamans, you might catch a glimpse of the Jarawas, one of the indigenous tribes of the islands; often they come out of their jungle homes to accept fruits and coconuts from visitors. Their white teeth gleaming against their dark skin, the children look like ebony carvings. The story of the Jarawas has been the same as the vanishing people elsewhere in the world, until a group of concerned people came forward to speak for them.
The Society for Andaman and Nicobar Ecology (SANE) a non-government organisation based in Port Blair has taken up the cause of the Jarawas and sought legal remedies. On April 9, 2001 the Circuit bench of the High Court of Calcutta, sitting in Port Blair passed a significant order, directing the Central Government and the Andaman and Nicobar Administration to form a committee of experts, including sociologists, nutritionists and doctors to study the problems of the Jarawas.
Indigenous people such as the Jarawas may hold the key to some mysteries of human history. Recent DNA studies point out that the Jarawas are closely related to the Bushmen of Africa. If proved, this will lend support to the "Out of Africa" theory of human descent. Its proponents say that humans left Africa about 100,000 years ago and moved on land westward, eventually reaching Asia. Peter Bellwood, an anthropologist at the Australian National University, Canberra, suggests that these migrants arrived at the Andamans about 35,000 years ago when the islands were connected by land with the Arakan mountains ranges of Myanmar. Later, when the sea rose, cutting off the land and creating many pockets of elevated land, people survived in these islands and developed a distinct culture and language. In fact their languages may contain keys to the riddle of human migration. Their intimate knowledge of plants, birds and other creatures of the tropical jungle could help advances in medical sciences.

The biggest threat to the Jarawa in recent years came from the building of the Grand andaman trunk road , through their newer western forest homeland in the 1970s.In late 1997, some Jarawa started coming out of their forest to visit nearby settlements for the first time. Within months a serious epidemic broke out.Later, in 2006 the Jarawa suffered another outbreak of measles ,unless contolled the illness could seriously affect the jarawa tribe.
A major problem is the volume of sightseeing tours that are operated by private companies, where tourists view, photograph or otherwise attempt interactions with Jarawas, who are often begging by the highway. These are illegal under Indian law, and in March 2008, the Tourism Department of the Andaman and Nicobar administration issued a fresh warning to tour operators that attempting contact with Jarawas, photographing them, stopping vehicles while transiting through their land or offering them rides were prohibited under the,protection of aboriginal tribes regulation ,1956,and would be prosecuted under a strict interpretation of the statuteIt has been alleged, however, that these rules are openly being flouted with over 500 tourists being taken to view Jarawas daily by private tour operators, while technically being shown as transiting to legitimate destinations and resulting in continuing daily interaction between the Jarawa and day tourists inside the reserve area.
In 2006, the Indian travel company Barefoot had established a resort 3km distant from the Jarawa reserve. The development was the subject of a recent court case brought by a small section of Andaman authorities who wanted to stop the resort, and appealed against a Calcutta High Court ruling allowing it to continue.Barefoot won that case.
Tourism ,Major threat to Jarawas. Protect there Rights.

Sunday, 19 June 2011

Agricultural land in UP has reduced

Agricultural land in UP has reduced

Agricultural land in UP has reduced

Neha Shukla, TNN Jun 15, 2011, 10.30pm IST
LUCKNOW: The state of environment report released by UP environment directorate says more and more of prime agricultural land is getting diverted to non-agricultural uses in the state. "Land is under severe pressure and has been subjected to many kinds of degradation", says the report
Strangely, the number of very small land holdings has gone up considerably. The report highlights need for integrated land and water management including drainage for preventing further salination or sodification and for solving increasing water scarcity problems.
"The report shows pressure on land has increased over the years," said Dr Yashpal Singh, director of environment department. Land fertility is getting adversely affected due to an unbalanced use of fertilizers and poor soil and water management, he added.

Brace yourself, high food prices are here to stay, says report

Brace yourself, high food prices are here to stay, says report

Global food prices are expected to be higher in the 2011-20 period compared with the previous decade and this could have a “devastating” impact on the poor in developing countries, an OECD-FAO report has said.
“Higher food prices and volatility in commodity markets are here to stay,” Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said in a joint report released today.
The report ‘OECD-FAO Agriculture Outlook for 2011-2020’ noted that food prices are expected to fall from the current high level in the coming months on good harvest but the prices are expected to be higher in this decade than 2001-2010.
“A good harvest in the coming months should push commodity prices down from the extreme levels seen earlier this year. However, the outlook states that over the coming decade real prices for cereals could average as much as 20 per cent higher and those for meats as much as 30 per cent higher, compared to 2001-10,” the report said.

The projections are well below the peak price level experienced in 2007-08 and again this year, it added. “While higher prices are generally good news for farmers, the impact on the poor in developing countries which spend a high proportion of their income on food can be devastating,” said OECD Secretary General Angel Gurria in a statement.
The report pointed out that higher prices for commodities are being passed through the food chain, which leads to rising consumer price inflation in most countries.
“This raises concern for economic stability and food security in some developing countries, with poor consumers most at risk of malnutrition,” it added.
Despite increasing prices of commodities, inflation is expected to remain subdued in most parts of the world in the current decade, the report noted.
OECD-FAO report asked the governments to encourage investment in agriculture in developing countries, remove production and trade distorting policies and assist the vulnerable to better manage risk and uncertainty.
“In the current market context, price volatility could remain a feature of agriculture markets, and coherent policies are required to both reduce volatility and limit its negative impacts,” FAO Director General Jacques Diouf said.
He suggested that the key solution to the problem will be boosting investment in agriculture and reinforcing rural development in developing countries.

Source :-

Ganga Water Not Fit Even For Farming

Saturday, 18 June 2011

Agricultural commodity prices not likely to fall for some time, says UN report

Agricultural commodity prices not likely to fall for some time, says UN report

Millions of people in developing countries are affected by high food prices
17 June 2011 – 
The international community will be facing higher food prices and volatility in commodity markets for some time, according to a new report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) that calls for greater investment in agriculture.The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2011-2020says that a good harvest in the coming months should push commodity prices down from the extreme levels seen earlier this year.
Over the coming decade, however, real prices for cereals could average as much as 20 per cent higher and those for meats as much as 30 per cent higher, compared to 2001-10, FAO states in a news release, adding that these projections are well below the peak price levels experienced in 2007-08 and again this year.
“In the current market context, price volatility could remain a feature of agricultural markets, and coherent policies are required to both reduce volatility and limit its negative impacts,” said FAO Director General Jacques Diouf.
“The key solution to the problem will be boosting investment in agriculture and reinforcing rural development in developing countries, where 98 per cent of the hungry people live today and where population is expected to increase by 47 per cent over the next decades.”
He added that efforts should focus in particular on smallholders in low-income food-deficit countries.
The latest publication follows the release of FAO’s biannual Food Outlook earlier this month which said that global food prices are likely to remain high for the rest of this year and into 2012 due to dwindling stocks and only small production increases for the majority of crops.
The OECD-FAO report sees global agricultural production growing more slowly over the next decade than in the past 10 years, with farm output expected to rise by 1.7 per cent annually, compared to the 2.6 per cent growth rate of the past decade.
In addition, it states that per capita food consumption will expand most rapidly in Eastern Europe, Asia and Latin America, with demand increasing the highest for meat, dairy products, vegetable oils and sugar.
Global production in the fisheries sector, which is covered by the report for the first time, is projected to increase by 1.3 per cent annually to 2020.

Sourc e:-

Thursday, 16 June 2011

Some 115 million child labourers globally engaged in hazardous work

Some 115 million child labourers globally engaged in hazardous work – UN

10 June 2011 – 
More than half of the world’s estimated 215 million child labourers are engaged in hazardous work which puts them risk of injury, illness or death, the United Nations International Labour Organization (ILO) said in a new report unveiled today.The report, “Children in hazardous work: what we know, what we need to do,” cites studies from both industrialised and developing countries that indicate that a child labourer suffers a work-related accident, illness or psychological trauma every minute.
The document, released as the UN prepared to mark the World Day against Child Labour, which falls on Sunday, says that although the overall number of children aged 5 to 17 in hazardous work declined between 2004 and 2008, child workers in the 15-to-17 age bracket rose by 20 per cent during the same period, from 52 million to 62 million.
“Despite important progress over the last decade, the number of children in child labour worldwide – and particularly in hazardous work – remains high,”said Juan Somavia, the ILO Director-General.
“Governments, employers and workers must act together to give strong leadership in shaping and implementing the policies and action that can end child labour. The persistence of child labour is a clear indictment of the prevailing model of growth. Tackling work that jeopardizes the safety, health or morals of children must be a common and urgent priority,” said Mr. Somavia.
The ILO Global Report on child labour warned last year that efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labour were slowing down and expressed concern that the global economic crisis could halt progress toward the goal of eliminating the worst forms of child labour by 2016.
The new report calls for fresh efforts to ensure that all children remain in education institutions at least until the minimum age of employment. It urges countries to prepare lists of hazardous work as required by ILO child labour conventions.
According to the report, urgent action is required to tackle hazardous work by children who have attained the minimum working age, but may be at risk in the workplace, and calls for training and awareness to ensure that they are informed on risks, rights and responsibilities in the workplace.
The study notes that the problem of children in hazardous work is not confined to developing countries. Evidence from the United States and Europe also shows the high vulnerability of youth to workplace accidents.
The ILO report concludes that while there is a need to strengthen workplace safety and health for all workers, specific safeguards for adolescents between the minimum age of employment and the age of 18 are needed.
The measures need to be part of a comprehensive approach in which employer and worker organizations and labour departments have particularly critical role to play.
So far 173 of the ILO’s 183 Member States have committed themselves to tackling hazardous work by children “as a matter of urgency” by ratifying the ILO convention on the worst forms of child labour.
In a statement on the occasion of the Day, the independent UN expert on contemporary forms of slavery, Gulnara Shahinian, said the annual observance draws attention to the alarming extent of hazardous child labour and advocates for change.
“On this day, we must reiterate our profound commitment to the global effort to achieve the complete elimination of the worst forms of child labour, which includes hazardous child labour, by 2016,” said Ms. Shahinian.
“Poverty, conflict and harmful traditional practices are some of the main causes for children working. Child labour is in great demand because it is cheap, and because children are naturally more docile, easier to discipline than adults, and too frightened to complain.”
The expert, who reports to the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council, stressed that the protection of children’s rights should be a high priority for Governments, which have the primary responsibility to provide families and communities with alternative livelihoods, access to social protection and basic services.

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