Thursday, 28 July 2011

UN focuses on global efforts to prevent and defeat hepatitis


The United Nations tomorrow will mark World Hepatitis Day for the first time to bring attention to the disease that affects almost one in every three persons on Earth.“We know what needs to be done,” said Margaret Chan, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO). “Viral hepatitis is one of the most prevalent and serious infectious diseases in the world. It deserves much more attention, understanding and action. These are the goals we are aiming for today.”
The World Hepatitis Alliance, a non-governmental organization (NGO), has been marking 28 July as a day of awareness of the disease since 2008. The WHO’s governing body voted last year to join the effort with a worldwide programme of posters, radio and television spots and social media information campaigns.
The theme of the campaign – “Know it, confront it. Hepatitis affects everyone, everywhere” – was designed to highlight the fact that more than two billion people have been infected by the virus, and each year nearly one million deaths are attributed to viral hepatitis infections.
Dr. Chan said WHO’s first recommendation in the battle against the disease is to get tested, as millions of people carry the disease without any symptoms, but could develop life-threatening diseases later in life. WHO also calls for increased vaccinations for the strains that can be stopped by immunization, better screening for blood transfers and the use of sterile equipment in medical facilities.
“Safe food and water are the best protection against hepatitis A and E,” Dr. Chan said, “as well as many other diseases.”
According to WHO, hepatitis A occurs when a person eats or drinks something contaminated by the stool of an infected person, and is associated with inadequate sanitation and poor personal hygiene. An estimated 1.4 million cases of this strain occur annually. Improved sanitation and the hepatitis A vaccine are the most effective ways to combat the disease.
Hepatitis B, which is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person, is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. About 2 billion people worldwide have been infected with the virus, about 350 million live with chronic infection, and an estimated 600,000 of them die each year.
The virus, 50 to 100 times more infectious than HIV, is preventable with a vaccine. Common modes of transmission in developing countries are: from mother to baby at birth, unsafe injection practices, blood transfusions, and sexual contact.
Hepatitis C, which can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, life-long chronic condition that can lead to cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer, is transmitted through contact with the blood of an infected person. About 130 million to 170 million people are chronically infected with it and more than 350,000 people die from hepatitis C-related liver diseases each year. It is curable with antivirals, but there is no vaccine to prevent it.
Hepatitis D occurs only in those who are infected with hepatitis B. The dual infection of can result in a more serious disease and worse outcome. Hepatitis B vaccines provide protection from hepatitis D infection.
Hepatitis E, like A, is transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. This strain is a common cause of hepatitis outbreaks in developing countries and is increasingly recognized as a cause of disease in developed countries. Vaccines to prevent this infection have been developed but are not widely available.
“Viral hepatitis is a huge global health problem,” said Dr. Chan. “Much needs to be done to combat these infections. And much can be done. Better awareness beginning with this World Hepatitis Day is a very good start.”

Wednesday, 27 July 2011

Millions of children reached in UN-run anti-measles vaccination in DR Congo

26 July 2011 – 
Some 3.1 million children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have been vaccinated against measles in a United Nations-coordinated campaign to combat the disease outbreak which has claimed the lives of 1,145 children since the start of this year.The measles epidemic affected a total of 115,600 children between January and June, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in a press release issued yesterday, adding that the vaccination campaign was funded with $1.9 million.
The campaign, which kicked off on 10 May, was coordinated by the UN World Health Organization (WHO) in the provinces of Katanga, Kasai Occidental, Bas-Congo, Equateur and Orientale.
“The funding – equivalent to 61 cents per child – helped protect the health of millions of children,” said Fidèle Sarassoro, the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for DRC. “We thank our partners and urge them to continue supporting us, especially now that DRC is facing other epidemics, including cholera in the west of the country,” said Mr. Sarassoro.
Some 5,407 cases of measles were reported in DRC last year, causing 82 deaths, compared to 899 cases, including 26 fatalities, in 2009.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, which mostly affects children. It is transmitted through droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of infected persons. Initial symptoms, which usually appear between eight to 12 days after infection, include high fever, a running nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth. A rash then develops, starting on the face and upper neck and gradually spreading to the rest of the body.
In malnourished children and people with reduced immunity, the disease can cause serious complications, including blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhoea, ear infection, pneumonia and even death.

UN team calls for end to use of children in conflict in Central African Republic

25 July 2011 – 
The Security Council’s Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict has expressed concern over continuing violations of children’s rights in the Central African Republic (CAR) and urged all armed groups in the country to immediately halt the practice.In a press statement issued today following the Working Group’s 31st meeting last month, the chair of the United Nations body urged all the groups to develop time-bound action plans on the removal of children armed groups, in line with the Council’s previous resolutions.
Specifically addressing the group known as the Armée Populaire pour la restauration de la République et de la Démocratie (APRD), the Working Group welcoming the removal of children from its ranks, urging it to ensure the “comprehensive and definitive release of all remaining children.”
Addressing the Union des Forces Démocratiques pour le Rassemblement (UFDR), the Front Démocratique du Peuple Centrafricain (FDPC) and the Mouvement des Libérateurs Centrafricains pour la Justice (MLJC), the Working Group voiced concern over ongoing recruitment of children and other violations against children and called upon the three groups to immediately cease the abuses enter into dialogue with the UN.
The Working Group also expressed concern over the lack of humanitarian access in areas under the control of the Convention des Patriotes pour la Justice et la Paix (CPJP) in the north-eastern part of the country, as well as persistent reports of recruitment and abuses of children.
The Working Group welcomed the announcement of a ceasefire by CPJP, and encouraged the faction to start dialogue with the Government with a view to signing the Libreville Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
It strongly condemned abuses against children committed against children by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), including recruitment, rape and other forms of sexual violence and abductions in the south-eastern and eastern areas of CAR.
Addressing the Government, the Working Group expressed serious concern over the recruitment and use of children by local self-defence militias and called upon the authorities to reiterate their prohibition of the practice, ensure the immediate and unconditional release of all children associated with those groups, and to deny support for militias that recruit and use children.

Tuesday, 26 July 2011

“Hungry children do not make good student”


World leaders fulfilling their promise to educate the 75m children out of school by 2015 ,is looking far remote . The target was set in senegal in 2000 as part of the education for all goals .it is also the second of the millennium development goals.
25m more children are in school than were in 2000 .but due to the global recession progress may be stop . The global campaign for education GCE stduy -education on the Brink -argues .During financial crisis we will reap short term gains ,by generating employment ,building a skilled and educated labour force. , we have to invest more in education sector in order to reap the fruits in future . World need 18m extra teacher by 2015.

Congolese cholera outbreak continues to spread, UN health agency says

25 July 2011 – 
The cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) continues to intensify and has spread to the neighbouring Republic of Congo as well, the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) has reported, as international efforts step up to combat the disease.At least 3,896 cases have been reported in the DRC since the outbreak began there in March, and in the Republic of Congo, where the outbreak was first noted last month, some 181 cases are suspected.
As of 20 July, 265 people in the DRC have died while six people have lost their lives in the Republic of Congo, according to an update issued by WHO on Friday.
“There is a high risk of the epidemic further spreading along the Congo River,” a key transport link in the region, WHO stated.
“The outbreak has been reported to have spread to new locations, particularly in Kinshasa [the DRC capital], where there are large population groups with inadequate safe water.”
WHO is currently conducting a rapid risk assessment to identify urgent needs, while the agency has also deployed two epidemiologists, a health promotion officer and a logistician to support local health officials.
Authorities in the DRC and the Republic of Congo have been working with UN agencies, international organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to set up cholera treatment centres in affected areas and boost surveillance and case management measures.
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with the bacterium known as vibrio cholerae. The disease has a short incubation period and produces a toxin that causes continuous watery diarrhoea, a condition that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not administered promptly. Vomiting also occurs in most patients.
The disease remains a global threat and is one of the key indicators of social development, according to WHO. While cholera no longer poses a threat to countries with high standards of hygiene, it remains a challenge in countries with limited access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation.

Friday, 22 July 2011

Cooperation with southeren somalia rebel would lead to better implementation of food relief measure.



According UN more than 6 out of every 10,000 people are dying of hunger everyday in some part of the bakool and lower shabelle region of Somalia with more than half the children there suffering acute malnutrition .Numerous disasters in the Horn of Africa ,it is the first famine has been declared here sice 1992 .Somalia is facing its worst food security crisis in 20 years. Neghbouring countries like , ethiopia , kenya , are facing the failure of rains in pastoralist areas ,soaring food prices and longer term issues such as underdevelopment and high population growth .Across the horn of africa ,11m people require food aid.Southern Somalia is controlled by the al-shabab islamists ,who stopped most international aid organisation including World Food Programme ,from operating in its areas two years ago only lifting the ban last week. Prices of food staples such as sorghum have increased more than three fold. Cooperation with southeren somalia rebel would lead to better implementation of food relief measure.  

NGREGA, bring real democracy to india's grass root.


INDIA country charactersied by sluggish agrarian economy ,marred by malnourised children and anaemic women as also sucide by farmer in distress . There is no doubt that NREGA has put some money in the hands of poor. But with exceptions. Without the appropriate government interventions ,widespread unemployment would be a characteristic feature of capitalism . One is to reduce taxes so that taxpayers .another is a large scale public work programme like NREGA which creates purchasing power among worker . When those receving tax breaks or working on NREGA site spend this additional money ,they create demand for commodities .demand stimulating process is called multiplier. The value of this multiplier depends on the marginal propensity to consume of those benefiting from government intervention .the mpc is our extra spending out of the additional rupee we earn . Clearly the higher the mpc ther greater tjhe stimulus provided to demand. NRGEA from this point of view is that it is putting money into the hands of those whose mpc is the highest ,those on the margins of existence are more likely to spend than save most of what they earn.
NGREGA is much more than an ad hoc relief programme dishing out doles or what these days are more fashionably called direct cash transfer. Not many people knows what data from the rural labour enquiry of the national sample survey confirm that a very high proportions of agricultural labour household on india actually owns land .under NGREGA , FARMER come back to land they long abandoned .it is a revolutionary act that seeks to bring real democracy to india's grass root.

Economic sanctions worsening hunger in Madagascar, UN expert warns

22 July 2011 – 
An independent United Nations expert said today it is time to reconsider the economic sanctions imposed on Madagascar following the 2009 political crisis, warning that they are aggravating an already dire situation in which one in two inhabitants of the country is food insecure.“All food security indicators are in the red,” Olivier De Schutter, the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, said at a press conference in the capital, Antananarivo, as he concluded his official mission to the Indian Ocean island nation.
“The result is that Madagascar today has one of the highest levels of child malnutrition in the world, with levels comparable to those of Afghanistan or Yemen,” he stated.
Madagascar has been subject to economic sanctions ever since the political crisis that erupted in 2009. Mr. De Schutter said the decision to suspend Madagascar from the African Growth and Opportunities Act by the United States has cost at least 50,000 jobs in the textile sector, which had accounted for half of Madagascar’s exports.
In addition, the European Union has halted programmes that were ready to be signed before the political crisis, suspending all development aid channelled through the Government.
“The total loss in expected aid is estimated to be about 600 million euros,” said the expert, adding that while humanitarian aid by donors channelled through non-governmental organizations has significantly increased, the nature of this assistance does not allow for a sustainable reduction of poverty levels.
“It’s high time now to reconsider the sanctions regime,” Mr. De Schutter stated. At the same time, he added, the country’s transitional authorities must not use the sanctions as a “pretext for inaction to avoid a humanitarian catastrophe for its population.”
He noted two “promising dynamics” that had been launched prior to the crisis: the development of high performance ecological agriculture and land reform aimed at securing access to land for the population.
“Madagascar has a unique potential for ecological agriculture,” he said. “We know that the system of intensive rice cultivation, a pure Malagasy invention, allows to double, triple or even quadruple yields.
“A national strategy to support this type of ecological production could make the large island self-sufficient in rice in thee years, whereas it is currently importing annually 100,000 to 150,000 tons of rice. But for this to happen, the authorities must decide to act,” he stated.
“Similarly, the process of securing land titles also appears to have stalled,” Mr. De Schutter said, noting that before the crisis investors were eager to acquire the best lands of the island. But today, investors are scarce, “chilled by the political conflict,” and the land certification process has slowed down. “What used to be a race is now moving forward in slow motion,” he said.

Wednesday, 20 July 2011

Independent UN expert urges South Africa to build a food economy to benefit all

15 July 2011 – 
An independent United Nations human rights expert today calledon South Africa to build a food economy that is inclusive and benefits all segments of the population, especially the millions who are poor and food insecure.“South Africa is a champion of institutionalizing social, economic and cultural rights such as the human right to food, but it has yet to prove it can deliver results for 12 million poor food insecure people, 70 per cent of which live in rural areas,” Olivier De Schutter, the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, said in Pretoria at the end of his official visit.
He praised South Africa for integrating the right to food in its Constitution. “But it is now time to build a food economy that benefits the majority of the population,” he said.
“We must create an inclusive food system for South Africa.”
A reorientation of agricultural support programmes, he said, would start with the recognition that South Africa is confronted with “a strongly dualized agricultural sector,” and that the current organization of markets has been inherited from the apartheid era.
“In contrast to the large white commercial farmers, the newly established black farmers are small-scale farmers, with a poor access to markets, a lack of marketing skills, and a weaker bargaining position in the food chains,” he said.
“If South Africa is to meet its target of creating 500,000 jobs in the agri-food sector, there is no alternative than to enable a large proportion of the 1.5 million subsistence households to graduate into small-scale farmers.”
Mr. De Schutter said the state should help design pro-poor food markets.
“South Africa needs to create food systems that work for the poor and not only sell to the poor,” he said. “Local food systems that promote fresh and nutritious food can be set up by a new set of policies. For instance, public procurement schemes can be made to work for rural development by allowing for preferential treatment in favour of small-scale farmers.”
Mr. De Schutter said South Africa had “many well-intentioned policies” that put food security at the top of the Government’s agenda, “but the results still are below expectations.”
The Special Rapporteur is an independent, non-paid expert who reports to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.

Thursday, 14 July 2011

Security Council calls for parties that attack schools and hospitals to be held accountable

Security Council calls for parties that attack schools and hospitals to be held accountable

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addresses Security Council meeting on Children and Armed Conflict
12 July 2011 – 
The Security Council today, recognizing schools and hospitals as safe havens for children, called for all parties to conflict that attack such facilities to be held accountable and that they be added to the list published annually by the United Nations of those who commit grave violations against children.The list, contained in the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict, already names those parties which commit violations such as the recruitment of child soldiers, killing or maiming of children, and rape or other forms of sexual violence against children.
In the resolution adopted unanimously today, the Council – which has adopted seven previous resolutions on children and armed conflict – recognized attacks on schools and hospitals as a grave violation of children’s rights, and called for perpetrators of such violence to be listed in the annual report.
“Places of learning and places of healing should never be places of war,”Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in his remarks to the Council, as it began a day-long debate on the issue of children and armed conflict during which it was expected to hear from over 50 delegations.
“It has sent a consistent and clear message: Protecting children in armed conflict is a peace and security issue, and the international community will not tolerate grave violations of this principle,” he said.
“Today’s resolution takes us one step further,” he added. “It not only emphasizes that schools and hospitals should be zones of peace respected by all parties to conflict, it adds attacks on schools and hospitals as listing criteria in my annual reports on children in armed conflict.”
The Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict hailed the action taken by the Council to expand the criteria for listing parties in the report. “The promise of this resolution is very real,” Radhika Coomaraswamytold the 15-member body.
“During my visits to conflict areas, I have personally seen the devastation – schools completely destroyed, bombed or burnt to the ground… Attacks on hospitals are two-fold atrocities. Not only do they kill and wound girls and boys, but they leave children without access to treatment.”
According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), schools have become the target of violent attacks or threats by both State security forces and non-State armed groups in at least 31 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East.
“These horrific attacks are not only a violation of international and humanitarian law, they are a violation of our common humanity,” said Anthony Lake, UNICEF Executive Director. “And today, the Council has affirmed that attacks on schools and hospitals are attacks on children – and must be treated as such. For these grave violations are alarmingly common.”
He said such attacks have devastating consequences on children’s lives and on their communities, weakening education and health systems and potentially deepening deprivations and disparities.
“Today, the Security Council has taken a major step toward ending the culture of impunity and protecting children at their most vulnerable,” he told the meeting.

Wednesday, 13 July 2011

UN reports progress towards poverty alleviation, urges increased support for the poorest

UN reports progress towards poverty alleviation, urges increased support for the poorest

7 July 2011 – 
Some of the world’s poorest countries have made impressive gains in the fight against poverty, but the least developed countries still lag in efforts to improve living standards, the United Nations said today in a reportshowing significant overall progress towards achieving the global targets against extreme poverty.Giving examples of achievements, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Report – prepared by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) – says that Burundi, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Togo and Tanzania attained or are nearing the goal of universal primary education, one of the targets.
Considerable progress has also been made in Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique and Niger, where net enrolment ratios in primary school increased by more than 25 percentage points from 1999 to 2009.
Sub-Saharan Africa, with an 18 percentage point gain in school enrolment between 1999 and 2009, is the region with the best record of improvement, according to the report.
Despite significant setbacks caused by the global economic crisis that plunged much of the world into recession in 2008 and 2009, and the high food and energy prices, the world is still on track to achieve the MDGs, according to the report.
“Despite these declines, current trends suggest that the momentum of growth in the developing world remains strong enough to sustain the progress needed to reach the global poverty-reduction target,” the report says. “Based on recently updated projections from the World Bank, the overall poverty rate is still expected to fall below 15 per cent by 2015, indicating that the Millennium Development Goal target can be met.”
The number of deaths of children under the age of five declined from 12.4 million in 1990 to 8.1 million in 2009, which means nearly 12,000 fewer children die each day. Increased funding and intensive control efforts have cut deaths from malaria by 20 per cent worldwide – from nearly 985,000 in 2000 to 781,000 in 2009, the reports notes.
Increased funding from various sources has also expanded key programmes, such as treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS.
The report, however, stressed that efforts need to be intensified especially among the most vulnerable members of the global population who continue to be marginalised as a result of sex, age, ethnicity or disability. Disparities in progress between urban and rural areas also remain significant, according to the report.
The document points out, for example, that wide gaps remain in women’s access to paid work in at least half of all regions and following the job losses in 2008 and 2009, the growth in employment during the economic recovery in 2010, especially in the developing world, was lower for women than for men.
“The poorest of the world are being left behind. We need to reach out and lift them into our lifeboat,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said during the launch of the report during the high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in Geneva. “Now is the time for equity, inclusion, sustainability and women’s empowerment,” he added.
“Achieving all the MDGs will require extra effort. Even where we have seen rapid growth, as in East Asia and other parts of the developing world, progress is not universal, nor are the benefits evenly shared,” said Mr. Ban. “Stubbornly high unemployment persists in rich and poor countries alike. And in many cases, the wealth gap is widening between the prosperous and the marginalized and between urban and rural,” he added.
The report also highlights the fact that as a result of concerted efforts to achieve the MDGs, new HIV infections have been on a steady decline. In 2009, some 2.6 million people were newly infected with HIV – a 21 per cent drop since 1997, when new infections peaked. The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or AIDS increased 13-fold from 2004 to 2009, thanks to increased funding and expanded programmes.
An estimated 1.1 billion people in urban areas and 723 million people in rural areas gained access to an improved drinking water source between 1990 and 2008.
Progress has, however, been uneven, the report notes, highlighting the large gaps between and within countries. The poorest children made the slowest progress in terms of improved nutrition and survival, and nearly a quarter of children in the developing world were underweight in 2009, with the poorest children most affected.
Advances in sanitation has also often bypassed the poor and those living in rural areas, with more than 2.6 billion people still lacking access to toilets or other forms of improved sanitation. In Southern Asia, for example, sanitation coverage for the poorest 40 per cent of households hardly increased between 1995 and 2008.
“Everywhere, social inequalities have grown too wide,” Mr. Ban later toldreporters. “We need to change that. We need to do things differently. We need a renewed global partnership for global social progress.”
The MDGs were agreed at the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000, with eight targets for reducing extreme poverty and hunger, improving health and education, empowering women and ensuring environmental sustainability by 2015.
Last year, world leaders attending a summit at UN Headquarters reaffirmed their commitment to the goals and called for intensified collective action and the expansion of successful approaches. A Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health was also launched, attracting over $40 billion in pledges.

World cereal prices drop slightly but still steeply higher than last year – UN

World cereal prices drop slightly but still steeply higher than last year – UN

7 July 2011 – 
Cereal prices dropped slightly in the world markets in June, but were still 71 per cent higher than a year ago, with the fall attributable to improved weather conditions in Europe and the lifting of Russia’s export ban, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reported today.The FAO Cereal Price index averaged 259 points in June, down one per cent from May.
The maize market, however, remained tight because of low 2010 supplies and continued wet conditions in the United States. Prices of rice were mostly up in June, reflecting strong import demand and uncertainty over export prices in Thailand, the world’s largest rice exporter.
Overall, the FAO Food Price Index rose one per cent to 234 points last month, 39 per cent higher than in June last year, but four per cent below its all-time high of 238 points in February this year. A strong rise in the price of sugar in the international markets drove up the index.
The FAO Sugar Price Index rose 14 per cent from May to June, reaching 359 points, 15 per cent below its January record. Production in Brazil, the world’s biggest sugar producer, is forecast to fall below last year’s level.
The agency’s Dairy Price Index averaged 232 points in June, largely unchanged from 231 points in May, while the Meat Price Index averaged 180, marginally up from May with poultry meat rising three per cent and climbing to a new record, while pig meat prices declined.
After two consecutive revisions to the US crops and planting prospects for 2011, FAO’s latest forecast for world cereal production for 2011-2012 stands at nearly 2,313 million tons, 3.3 per cent higher than last year and 11 million tons above FAO’s last forecast on 22 June.
World cereal use for 2011-2012 is forecast to grow by 1.4 per cent from 2010-2011, reaching 2,307 million tons, just five million tons under forecast production.
World cereal stocks at the close of the crop season in 2012 are now expected to stand six million tons above their opening levels. While wheat and rice inventories are expected to become more comfortable, coarse grains stocks, especially maize, would remain tight, according to FAO.

Thursday, 7 July 2011

UN reports progress towards poverty alleviation, urges increased support for the poorest

7 July 2011 – 
Some of the world’s poorest countries have made impressive gains in the fight against poverty, but the least developed countries still lag in efforts to improve living standards, the United Nations said today in a reportshowing significant overall progress towards achieving the global targets against extreme poverty.Giving examples of achievements, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Report – prepared by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) – says that Burundi, Madagascar, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Togo and Tanzania attained or are nearing the goal of universal primary education, one of the targets.
Considerable progress has also been made in Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique and Niger, where net enrolment ratios in primary school increased by more than 25 percentage points from 1999 to 2009.
Sub-Saharan Africa, with an 18 percentage point gain in school enrolment between 1999 and 2009, is the region with the best record of improvement, according to the report.
Despite significant setbacks caused by the global economic crisis that plunged much of the world into recession in 2008 and 2009, and the high food and energy prices, the world is still on track to achieve the MDGs, according to the report.
“Despite these declines, current trends suggest that the momentum of growth in the developing world remains strong enough to sustain the progress needed to reach the global poverty-reduction target,” the report says. “Based on recently updated projections from the World Bank, the overall poverty rate is still expected to fall below 15 per cent by 2015, indicating that the Millennium Development Goal target can be met.”
The number of deaths of children under the age of five declined from 12.4 million in 1990 to 8.1 million in 2009, which means nearly 12,000 fewer children die each day. Increased funding and intensive control efforts have cut deaths from malaria by 20 per cent worldwide – from nearly 985,000 in 2000 to 781,000 in 2009, the reports notes.
Increased funding from various sources has also expanded key programmes, such as treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS.
The report, however, stressed that efforts need to be intensified especially among the most vulnerable members of the global population who continue to be marginalised as a result of sex, age, ethnicity or disability. Disparities in progress between urban and rural areas also remain significant, according to the report.
The document point out, for example, wide gaps remain in women’s access to paid work in at least half of all regions and following the job losses in 2008 and 2009, the growth in employment during the economic recovery in 2010, especially in the developing world, was lower for women than for men.
“The poorest of the world are being left behind. We need to reach out and lift them into our lifeboat,” said Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said during the launch of the report at the meeting of the High-level Segment of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). “Now is the time for equity, inclusion, sustainability and women’s empowerment,” he added.
Being poor, female or living in a conflict zone also increased the probability that a child will be out of school, the report notes.
The report also highlights the fact that as a result of concerted efforts to achieve the MDGs, new HIV infections have been on a steady decline. In 2009, some 2.6 million people were newly infected with HIV – a 21 per cent drop since 1997, when new infections peaked. The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or AIDS increased 13-fold from 2004 to 2009, thanks to increased funding and expanded programmes.
An estimated 1.1 billion people in urban areas and 723 million people in rural areas gained access to an improved drinking water source between 1990 and 2008.
Progress has, however, been uneven, the report notes, highlighting the large gaps between and within countries. The poorest children made the slowest progress in terms of improved nutrition and survival, and nearly a quarter of children in the developing world were underweight in 2009, with the poorest children most affected.
Advances in sanitation has also often bypassed the poor and those living in rural areas, with more than 2.6 billion people still lacking access to toilets or other forms of improved sanitation. In Southern Asia, for example, sanitation coverage for the poorest 40 per cent of households hardly increased between 1995 and 2008.
The MDGs were agreed at the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000, with eight targets for reducing extreme poverty and hunger, improving health and education, empowering women and ensuring environmental sustainability by 2015.
Last year, world leaders attending a summit at UN Headquarters reaffirmed their commitment to the goals and called for intensified collective action and the expansion of successful approaches. A Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health was also launched, attracting over $40 billion in pledges.

Wednesday, 6 July 2011

Disabled constitute 2.13 % of india's population


National disability policy of india estimated in 2006 that the disabled constitute2.13 % of the country's population .the international classification of functioning disability and health ICF which the WRD draw maps on environment factor ranging from technological and built environment to emotional and psycho-social environment that influence active participation .
Children with disability are denied to childcare and nutrition. And there disability rights.
UNICEF estimated 150m children with disability , there is a big gap in enrolment between children with disability and without disability .
Disability are at a greater of targeted violence ,various form of violence ,ep. Sexual violence especially with those who are in institutional care.

Our Health target are not achieved


Health is currently a privilege in india ,not a right maternal and child health remains neglected even after countless plans ,programme and political proclamations every year 60,000 women die in pregancy and childbirth ,while approximaltely 1.7m children less than five year of age also die.
The fundamental reason why our health target are not achieved and will not also be achieved unless we radically change our strategies ,is that we set target gets with out strategies is that we set target with out strategies ,without understandin what is preventing progress and with out putting adequate human and financial resources toward achieving target.

Tuesday, 5 July 2011

UN agency voices concern at high malnutrition rates among Somali refugees

5 July 2011 – 
As the influx of Somali refugees into neighbouring Kenya and Ethiopia continues unabated, the United Nations refugee agency today voiced concern about unprecedented levels of malnutrition among the new arrivals, especially children.More than 50 per cent of Somali children arriving in Ethiopia, and between 30 to 40 per cent of those arriving in Kenya, are seriously malnourished, says the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
“Knowing that children are dying along their journey to safety breaks our hearts,” said High Commissioner António Guterres, who is scheduled to visit the border areas as well as refugee camps later this week.
“This is turning one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises into a human tragedy of unimaginable proportions,” he added.
UNHCR says more than 135,000 Somalis have fled the Horn of Africa nation so far this year owing to ongoing violence and devastating drought. In June alone, 54,000 people fled across the two borders, three times the number of people who fled in May.
It is estimated that a quarter of Somalia’s population of 7.5 million is now either internally displaced or living outside the country as refugees. Ongoing conflict inside the country makes it difficult if not impossible for aid agencies to reach these people with assistance.
“Many families tell us they exhausted virtually all of their resources. Facing starvation, they walk for days, several weeks at times, through the desert, arriving in an appalling state of health,” UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming told reporters in Geneva.
“Increasingly, we are hearing reports of children below the age of five dying of hunger and exhaustion during the journey,” she said. “Tragically, many children are in such weak conditions when they finally arrive that they die within 24 hours despite the emergency care and therapeutic feeding they immediately receive.”
UNHCR is scheduled to fly in 100 tonnes of relief items later today, while a land convoy with some 20 trucks loaded with aid is due to reach the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on Thursday.
The agency is also about to issue an appeal covering food, shelter, health services and other life-saving aid supplies. “The needs are urgent and massive,” said Ms. Fleming.
“In the light of the urgency of the situation, UNHCR not only calls on governments but also on individual donors and the private sector to urgently support our life-saving operations in Ethiopia and Kenya.”